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Bombay Castle

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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">'''Bombay Castle''' (also '''Casa da Orta''') is one of the oldest defensive structures built in the city of [[Mumbai]] (formerly Bombay). The current castle is a structure built by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom British] on the site of the ''Manor House'' built by a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portugal Portuguese]nobleman [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garcia_de_Orta Garcia de Orta]. Orta had leased the island of Bombay from the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_of_Portugal King of Portugal] between 1554 and 1570.</p>
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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">'''Bombay Castle''' (also '''Casa da Orta''') is one of the oldest defensive structures built in the city of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai Mumbai] (formerly Bombay). The current castle is a structure built by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom British] on the site of the ''Manor House'' built by a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portugal Portuguese]nobleman [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garcia_de_Orta Garcia de Orta]. Orta had leased the island of Bombay from the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_of_Portugal King of Portugal] between 1554 and 1570.</p>
   
 
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The castle was built of local blue Kurla stone and red [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laterite laterite] stone from the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konkan Konkan] region to the south. In 1662, after the islands came under the hands of the English, the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_India_Company East India Company] took possession of the castle in 1665. Over the next ten years, they built a defensive structure around the manor. Around the same time, a wall was being built around a new urban centre. Although the wall was demolished in 1865 after the city grew rapidly, fragments however still exist in some areas.</p>
 
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The castle was built of local blue Kurla stone and red [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laterite laterite] stone from the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konkan Konkan] region to the south. In 1662, after the islands came under the hands of the English, the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_India_Company East India Company] took possession of the castle in 1665. Over the next ten years, they built a defensive structure around the manor. Around the same time, a wall was being built around a new urban centre. Although the wall was demolished in 1865 after the city grew rapidly, fragments however still exist in some areas.</p>
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Few records of the original Portuguese castle remain and historians are trying to piece together the original location of the manor. Two gates of the manor are located within ''INS Angre'', a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Navy naval] station in [[South Mumbai]]. A [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundial sundial] thought to date back to the Portuguese era is also present. This sundial does not mark out the 12 hours of a day, but rather marks out certain periods the people of the time deemed important.</p>
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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Few records of the original Portuguese castle remain and historians are trying to piece together the original location of the manor. Two gates of the manor are located within ''INS Angre'', a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Navy naval] station in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Mumbai South Mumbai]. A [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundial sundial]thought to date back to the Portuguese era is also present. This sundial does not mark out the 12 hours of a day, but rather marks out certain periods the people of the time deemed important.</p>
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The main building within the castle is the Governor's House ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raj_Bhavan_(Maharashtra) Raj Bhavan]), in which [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_Aungier Gerald Aungier], the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governor_of_Bombay Governor of Bombay] used to stay. The residence was later moved to [[Parel]] and then to [[Malabar Hill]] over the next two centuries. The current building houses the offices of the Flag Officer Commander-in-Chief of the Western Naval Command.</p>
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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The main building within the castle is the Governor's House ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raj_Bhavan_(Maharashtra) Raj Bhavan]), in which [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_Aungier Gerald Aungier], the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governor_of_Bombay Governor of Bombay] used to stay. The residence was later moved to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parel Parel] and then to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malabar_Hill Malabar Hill] over the next two centuries. The current building houses the offices of the Flag Officer Commander-in-Chief of the Western Naval Command.</p>
 
[[Category:Forts]]
 
[[Category:Forts]]
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