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'''Flora Fountain'''<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, at the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hutatma_Chowk Hutatma Chowk]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> (Martyr's Square), is an ornamentally and exquisitely sculpted architectural heritage monument located at the southern end of the historic </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dadabhai_Naoroji_Road Dadabhai Naoroji Road]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, called the Mile Long Road, at the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_(Mumbai_precinct) Fort]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> business district in the heart of </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Mumbai South Mumbai]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai Mumbai]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India India]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">. Flora Fountain, built in 1864, is a fusion of water, architecture and sculpture, and depicts the Roman goddess </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flora_(goddess) Flora]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">. It was built at a total cost of Rs. 47,000, or 9000 pounds sterling, a princely sum in those days .</span>
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'''Flora Fountain'''<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, at the </span>[[Hutatma Chowk]] <span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> (Martyr's Square), is an ornamentally and exquisitely sculpted architectural heritage monument located at the southern end of the historic </span>[[Dadabhai Naoroji Road]] <span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, called the Mile Long Road, at the </span>[[Fort|Fort ]] <span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> business district in the heart of </span>[[South Mumbai]] <span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, </span>[[Mumbai]] <span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, </span>India<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">. Flora Fountain, built in 1864, is a fusion of water, architecture and sculpture, and depicts the Roman goddess </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flora_(goddess) Flora]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">. It was built at a total cost of Rs. 47,000, or 9000 pounds sterling, a princely sum in those days .</span>
 
==<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">History</span>==
 
==<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">History</span>==
   
<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">History of the Fl</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">ora Fountain is traced to the time when the Old Mumbai Fort was demolished in 1860 as part of the then Governor, Sir </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartle_Frere Bartle Frère]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">’s efforts to improve civic sanitation (municipal improvements) and the urban space requirements of the growing city. Prior to this demolition, the Fort had been built between 1686 and 1743 by the British East India Company with three gates (the Apollo Gate, the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Churchgate Church Gate]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> and the Bazaar Gate), a </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moat moat]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">,</span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esplanade esplanade]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, level open spaces on its western fringe (to control fires) and residences. A small road called the Hornby Road, named after the then Governor of Bombay (Mumbai) between 1771 AD and 1784 AD, also existed at the old Fort area.</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> Consequent to the demolitions, the Hornby road was widened into a broad avenue and on its western side commercial plots were developed to build new commercial buildings in Neo Classical and Gothic Revival designs. The Hornby road, now named as Dadabhai Naoroji Road (D.N.Road), developed into a veritable sight of colonial splendor with </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crawford_Market Crawford Market]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> linked to the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_Terminus Victoria Terminus]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> anchoring the northern end and the Flora Fountain, forming the southern end of the Mile Long Road. The Flora Fountain was erected at the exact place where the Church gate (named after </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Thomas_Cathedral,_Mumbai St. Thomas Cathedral, Mumbai]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> ) stood before its demolition along with the Mumbai Fort. It was constructed by the Agri–Horticultural Society of Western India, out of a donation of Rs 20,000 by Cursetjee Fardoonjee Parekh. Designed by </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._Norman_Shaw R. Norman Shaw]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, it was sculpted in imported </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portland_stone Portland stone]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> by James Forsythe. A white coat of </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_paint oil paint]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> has to some extent marred the antiquity of the structure.</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> The fountain was originally to be named after Sir </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartle_Frere Bartle Frère]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governor_of_Bombay Governor of Bombay]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> at the time, whose progressive policy had resulted in many of the great public buildings of Mumbai.</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> However, the name was changed before the fountain was unveiled as Flora Fountain, named after </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flora Flora (mythology)]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, a Roman Goddess of flowers and the season of spring; her majestic and pretty </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portland_stone Portland stone] <span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">statue adorns the top of the fountain. The four corners of the fountain are decorated with mythological figures.</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;font-size:11px;line-height:11px;"> </span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">The fountain was originally intended to be built at the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jijamata_Udyaan Victoria Gardens]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> at </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byculla Byculla] <span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">but, in 1908, the grass plot and the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palm_tree palm]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> trees that had camouflaged the fountain were cleared for creating space for pedestrians and horse–traffic between the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tram tram]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> lines and the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerb kerb]<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> of the fountain .</span>
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<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">History of the Fl</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">ora Fountain is traced to the time when the Old Mumbai Fort was demolished in 1860 as part of the then Governor, Sir </span>Bartle Frère<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">’s efforts to improve civic sanitation (municipal improvements) and the urban space requirements of the growing city. Prior to this demolition, the Fort had been built between 1686 and 1743 by the British East India Company with three gates (the Apollo Gate, the </span>Church Gate<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> and the Bazaar Gate), a </span>moat<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">,</span>esplanade<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, level open spaces on its western fringe (to control fires) and residences. A small road called the Hornby Road, named after the then Governor of Bombay (Mumbai) between 1771 AD and 1784 AD, also existed at the old Fort area.</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> Consequent to the demolitions, the Hornby road was widened into a broad avenue and on its western side commercial plots were developed to build new commercial buildings in Neo Classical and Gothic Revival designs. The Hornby road, now named as Dadabhai Naoroji Road (D.N.Road), developed into a veritable sight of colonial splendor with </span>Crawford Market<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> linked to the </span>Victoria Terminus<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> anchoring the northern end and the Flora Fountain, forming the southern end of the Mile Long Road. The Flora Fountain was erected at the exact place where the Church gate (named after </span>St. Thomas Cathedral, Mumbai<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> ) stood before its demolition along with the Mumbai Fort. It was constructed by the Agri–Horticultural Society of Western India, out of a donation of Rs 20,000 by Cursetjee Fardoonjee Parekh. Designed by </span>R. Norman Shaw<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, it was sculpted in imported </span>Portland stone<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> by James Forsythe. A white coat of </span>oil paint<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> has to some extent marred the antiquity of the structure.</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> The fountain was originally to be named after Sir </span>Bartle Frère<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, the </span>Governor of Bombay<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> at the time, whose progressive policy had resulted in many of the great public buildings of Mumbai.</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> However, the name was changed before the fountain was unveiled as Flora Fountain, named after </span>Flora (mythology)<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, a Roman Goddess of flowers and the season of spring; her majestic and pretty </span>Portland stone <span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">statue adorns the top of the fountain. The four corners of the fountain are decorated with mythological figures.</span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;font-size:11px;line-height:11px;"> </span><span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">The fountain was originally intended to be built at the </span>Victoria Gardens<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> at </span>Byculla <span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">but, in 1908, the grass plot and the </span>palm<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> trees that had camouflaged the fountain were cleared for creating space for pedestrians and horse–traffic between the </span>tram<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> lines and the </span>kerb<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> of the fountain .</span>
 
==<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">Hutatma Chowk</span>==
 
==<span style="font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">Hutatma Chowk</span>==
   

Latest revision as of 13:59, July 13, 2014

Ff2

Flora Fountain, at the Hutatma Chowk (Martyr's Square), is an ornamentally and exquisitely sculpted architectural heritage monument located at the southern end of the historic Dadabhai Naoroji Road , called the Mile Long Road, at the Fort business district in the heart of South Mumbai , Mumbai , India. Flora Fountain, built in 1864, is a fusion of water, architecture and sculpture, and depicts the Roman goddess Flora. It was built at a total cost of Rs. 47,000, or 9000 pounds sterling, a princely sum in those days .

HistoryEdit

History of the Flora Fountain is traced to the time when the Old Mumbai Fort was demolished in 1860 as part of the then Governor, Sir Bartle Frère’s efforts to improve civic sanitation (municipal improvements) and the urban space requirements of the growing city. Prior to this demolition, the Fort had been built between 1686 and 1743 by the British East India Company with three gates (the Apollo Gate, the Church Gate and the Bazaar Gate), a moat,esplanade, level open spaces on its western fringe (to control fires) and residences. A small road called the Hornby Road, named after the then Governor of Bombay (Mumbai) between 1771 AD and 1784 AD, also existed at the old Fort area. Consequent to the demolitions, the Hornby road was widened into a broad avenue and on its western side commercial plots were developed to build new commercial buildings in Neo Classical and Gothic Revival designs. The Hornby road, now named as Dadabhai Naoroji Road (D.N.Road), developed into a veritable sight of colonial splendor with Crawford Market linked to the Victoria Terminus anchoring the northern end and the Flora Fountain, forming the southern end of the Mile Long Road. The Flora Fountain was erected at the exact place where the Church gate (named after St. Thomas Cathedral, Mumbai ) stood before its demolition along with the Mumbai Fort. It was constructed by the Agri–Horticultural Society of Western India, out of a donation of Rs 20,000 by Cursetjee Fardoonjee Parekh. Designed by R. Norman Shaw, it was sculpted in imported Portland stone by James Forsythe. A white coat of oil paint has to some extent marred the antiquity of the structure. The fountain was originally to be named after Sir Bartle Frère, the Governor of Bombay at the time, whose progressive policy had resulted in many of the great public buildings of Mumbai. However, the name was changed before the fountain was unveiled as Flora Fountain, named after Flora (mythology), a Roman Goddess of flowers and the season of spring; her majestic and pretty Portland stone statue adorns the top of the fountain. The four corners of the fountain are decorated with mythological figures. The fountain was originally intended to be built at the Victoria Gardens at Byculla but, in 1908, the grass plot and the palm trees that had camouflaged the fountain were cleared for creating space for pedestrians and horse–traffic between the tram lines and the kerb of the fountain .

Hutatma ChowkEdit

Location & AccessibilityEdit

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