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<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">[[File:Caves6.jpg|thumb|254px]]</span>
 
<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">[[File:Caves6.jpg|thumb|254px]]</span>
   
<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">The </span>'''Kanheri Caves'''<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> constitute a group of rock-cut monuments that are located north of</span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borivali Borivali]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> on the western outskirts of </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai Mumbai]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India India]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">. Deep within the green forests of the</span>[http://mumbai.wikia.com/wiki/Sanjay_Gandhi_National_Park Sanjay Gandhi National Park]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, the caves are 6 km from the main gate & 7 km from Borivali Station. Tourists can enter after 7:30 a.m. The Kanheri Caves demonstrate the </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist Buddhist]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">influence on the art and culture of </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India India]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">.</span>''Kanheri''<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> comes from the Sanskrit </span>''Krishnagiri''<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, which means </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krishna black]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giri#Languages mountain]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">.They were chiseled out of a massive </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basaltic basaltic]<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> rock outcropping.</span>
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<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">The </span>'''Kanheri Caves'''<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> constitute a group of rock-cut monuments that are located north of </span>[[Borivali|Borivali&nbsp;]] <span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> on the western outskirts of </span>[[Mumbai]] <span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, </span>India<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">. Deep within the green forests of the </span>Sanjay Gandhi National Park<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, the caves are 6 km from the main gate & 7 km from Borivali Station. Tourists can enter after 7:30 a.m. The Kanheri Caves demonstrate the </span>Buddhist <span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">influence on the art and culture of </span>India<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">.</span>Kanheri<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> comes from the Sanskrit </span>''Krishnagiri''<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">, which means </span>black<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> </span>mountain<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">.They were chiseled out of a massive </span>basaltic<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;"> rock outcropping.</span>
 
==History==
 
==History==
<p style="margin-top:1em;margin-bottom:1em;line-height:19.200000762939453px;color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;">These caves date from the first century BCE to the 10th century CE. One hundred nine caves have been carved from the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basalt basalt]. Unlike the elegant splendor of the adjacent [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephanta_Caves Elephanta Caves], the earlier cells are spartan and unadorned. Each cave has a stone[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plinth plinth] for a bed. A congregation hall with huge stone pillars contains the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stupa stupa], a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist Buddhist]shrine. Farther up the hill are [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canal canals] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cisterns cisterns], the remains of an ancient system that channeled rainwater into huge tanks. Once the caves were converted to permanent monasteries, the rock was carved with intricate [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reliefs reliefs] of Buddha and the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bodhisattva Bodhisattvas]. Kanheri had become an important Buddhist settlement on the Konkan coast by the 3rd century A.D.</p>
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<p style="margin-top:1em;margin-bottom:1em;line-height:19.200000762939453px;color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;">These caves date from the first century BCE to the 10th century CE. One hundred nine caves have been carved from the basalt. Unlike the elegant splendor of the adjacent Elephanta Caves, the earlier cells are spartan and unadorned. Each cave has a stone plinth for a bed. A congregation hall with huge stone pillars contains the stupa, a Buddhist shrine. Farther up the hill are canals and cisterns, the remains of an ancient system that channeled rainwater into huge tanks. Once the caves were converted to permanent monasteries, the rock was carved with intricate reliefs of Buddha and the Bodhisattvas. Kanheri had become an important Buddhist settlement on the Konkan coast by the 3rd century A.D.</p>
   
<p style="line-height:19.200000762939453px;color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;">Most of the caves are used as the Buddhist [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vihara viharas], meant for living, studying, and meditating. The larger caves were [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaitya chaityas], or halls for congregational worship; are lined with intricately carved Buddhist sculptures, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reliefs reliefs] and pillars; and contain rock-cut stupas for congregational worship. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avalokiteshwara Avalokiteshwara]is the most distinctive figure. The large number of viharas demonstrates the well organized establishment of Buddhist monks. This establishment was also connected with many trade centers, such as the ports of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sopara Sopara], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalyan,_India Kalyan], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasik Nasik], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paithan Paithan] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ujjain Ujjain]. Kanheri was a University center by the time the area was under the rule of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurya Maurayan] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kushan_Empire Kushan] empires. In the late 10th century, the Buddhist teacher [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atisha Atisha] (980-1054) came to the ''Krishnagiri Vihara'' to study Buddhist meditation under Rahulagupta.[[File:Caves7.jpg|thumb|304px]]</p>
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<p style="line-height:19.200000762939453px;color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;">Most of the caves are used as the Buddhist viharas, meant for living, studying, and meditating. The larger caves were [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaitya chaityas], or halls for congregational worship; are lined with intricately carved Buddhist sculptures, reliefs and pillars; and contain rock-cut stupas for congregational worship. The Avalokiteshwara is the most distinctive figure. The large number of viharas demonstrates the well organized establishment of Buddhist monks. This establishment was also connected with many trade centers, such as the ports of [[Nalla Sopara|Sopara]], [[Kalyan]], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasik Nasik], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paithan Paithan] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ujjain Ujjain]. Kanheri was a University center by the time the area was under the rule of the Maurayan and Kushan empires. In the late 10th century, the Buddhist teacher Atisha (980-1054) came to the ''Krishnagiri Vihara'' to study Buddhist meditation under Rahulagupta.[[File:Caves7.jpg|thumb|304px]]</p>
 
==Location & Accessibility==
 
==Location & Accessibility==
 
The caves are located deep inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park . Bus transport is available every hour . Visitors must pay entry fees at the park gate and at the cave entrance .
 
The caves are located deep inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park . Bus transport is available every hour . Visitors must pay entry fees at the park gate and at the cave entrance .
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==Inscriptions==
 
==Inscriptions==
<p style="line-height:19.200000762939453px;color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;">Nearly 51 legible inscriptions and 26 epigraphs are found at Kanheri, which include the inscriptions in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Br%C4%81hm%C4%AB_script Brahmi][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devanagari Devanagari] and 3 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pahlavi_script Pahlavi] epigraphs found in Cave 90. One of the significant inscriptions mentions about the marriage of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satavahana Satavahana] ruler [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vashishtiputra_Satakarni Vashishtiputra Satakarni] with the daughter of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudradaman_I Rudradaman ].Cave number 34 has unfinished paintings of Buddha on the ceiling of the cave.</p>
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<p style="line-height:19.200000762939453px;color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;">Nearly 51 legible inscriptions and 26 epigraphs are found at Kanheri, which include the inscriptions in Brahmi, Devanagari and 3 Pahlavi epigraphs found in Cave 90. One of the significant inscriptions mentions about the marriage of Satavahana ruler Vashishtiputra Satakarni with the daughter of Rudradaman .Cave number 34 has unfinished paintings of Buddha on the ceiling of the cave.</p>
 
==Surrounding Places==
 
==Surrounding Places==
<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">Kanheri caves offer picnickers a getaway, especially during the rainy season. The hilly terrain of the caves creates several large and small waterfalls. The road from the entry point of Sanjay Gandhi National Park to Kanheri caves is bisected by streams where families can enjoy lazy weekend gatherings.</span>
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<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:sans-serif;line-height:19.200000762939453px;">Kanheri caves offer picnickers a getaway, especially during the rainy season. The hilly terrain of the caves creates several large and small waterfalls. The road from the entry point of [[Sanjay Gandhi National Park|Sanjay Gandhi National Park ]] to Kanheri caves is bisected by streams where families can enjoy lazy weekend gatherings.</span>
 
[[Category:Caves]]
 
[[Category:Caves]]
 
[[Category:Monuments]]
 
[[Category:Monuments]]

Latest revision as of 13:54, July 13, 2014

Caves6

The Kanheri Caves constitute a group of rock-cut monuments that are located north of Borivali   on the western outskirts of Mumbai India. Deep within the green forests of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the caves are 6 km from the main gate & 7 km from Borivali Station. Tourists can enter after 7:30 a.m. The Kanheri Caves demonstrate the Buddhist influence on the art and culture of India.Kanheri comes from the Sanskrit Krishnagiri, which means black mountain.They were chiseled out of a massive basaltic rock outcropping.

HistoryEdit

These caves date from the first century BCE to the 10th century CE. One hundred nine caves have been carved from the basalt. Unlike the elegant splendor of the adjacent Elephanta Caves, the earlier cells are spartan and unadorned. Each cave has a stone plinth for a bed. A congregation hall with huge stone pillars contains the stupa, a Buddhist shrine. Farther up the hill are canals and cisterns, the remains of an ancient system that channeled rainwater into huge tanks. Once the caves were converted to permanent monasteries, the rock was carved with intricate reliefs of Buddha and the Bodhisattvas. Kanheri had become an important Buddhist settlement on the Konkan coast by the 3rd century A.D.

Most of the caves are used as the Buddhist viharas, meant for living, studying, and meditating. The larger caves were chaityas, or halls for congregational worship; are lined with intricately carved Buddhist sculptures, reliefs and pillars; and contain rock-cut stupas for congregational worship. The Avalokiteshwara is the most distinctive figure. The large number of viharas demonstrates the well organized establishment of Buddhist monks. This establishment was also connected with many trade centers, such as the ports of SoparaKalyanNasikPaithan and Ujjain. Kanheri was a University center by the time the area was under the rule of the Maurayan and Kushan empires. In the late 10th century, the Buddhist teacher Atisha (980-1054) came to the Krishnagiri Vihara to study Buddhist meditation under Rahulagupta.

Caves7

Location & AccessibilityEdit

The caves are located deep inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park . Bus transport is available every hour . Visitors must pay entry fees at the park gate and at the cave entrance .


InscriptionsEdit

Nearly 51 legible inscriptions and 26 epigraphs are found at Kanheri, which include the inscriptions in Brahmi, Devanagari and 3 Pahlavi epigraphs found in Cave 90. One of the significant inscriptions mentions about the marriage of Satavahana ruler Vashishtiputra Satakarni with the daughter of Rudradaman .Cave number 34 has unfinished paintings of Buddha on the ceiling of the cave.

Surrounding PlacesEdit

Kanheri caves offer picnickers a getaway, especially during the rainy season. The hilly terrain of the caves creates several large and small waterfalls. The road from the entry point of Sanjay Gandhi National Park to Kanheri caves is bisected by streams where families can enjoy lazy weekend gatherings.

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