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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The '''Mumbai Monorail''' is a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monorail monorail] system in the city of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai Mumbai], India, part of a major expansion of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_transport_in_Mumbai public transport in the city]. The project was implemented by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Metropolitan_Region_Development_Authority Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority] (MMRDA), along with a consortium of Mumbai-based conglomerate [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larsen_%26_Toubro Larsen & Toubro] and the Malaysian infrastructure firm [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scomi Scomi Engineering Bhd]. It is the first monorail in India since the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kundala_Valley_Railway Kundala Valley Railway] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patiala_State_Monorail_Trainways Patiala State Monorail Trainways] were closed in the 1920s.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-3" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-3 [3]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-times_4-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-times-4 [4]]</sup> Construction began in 2009 and the first operational line, between [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wadala_Depot Wadala Depot] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chembur_monorail_station Chembur], was opened to the public on 2 February 2014. Trains run from 7am to 3pm IST in the initial stage. It is expected to operate for 19 hours straight by the end of March 2014.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-ToI_inauguration_5-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-ToI_inauguration-5 [5]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-NDTV_inauguration_6-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-NDTV_inauguration-6 [6]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-7" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-7 [7]]</sup> Monorail services between wadala depot and chembur extended to 14 hours straight from April 15.</p>
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The '''Mumbai Monorail''' is a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monorail monorail] system in the city of [[Mumbai]] , India, part of a major expansion of public transport in the city. The project was implemented by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA), along with a consortium of Mumbai-based conglomerate [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larsen_%26_Toubro Larsen &] <span style="color:rgb(58,58,58);font-family:Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif;line-height:22px;">Toubro and the Malaysian infrastructure firm </span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scomi Scomi Engineering Bhd]<span style="color:rgb(58,58,58);font-family:Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif;line-height:22px;">. It is the first monorail in India .</span><span style="color:rgb(58,58,58);font-family:Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif;line-height:22px;">Construction began in 2009 and the first operational line, between </span>[[Wadala Depot Monorail Station|Wadala Depot]]<span style="color:rgb(58,58,58);font-family:Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif;line-height:22px;"> and </span>[[Chembur Monorail Station|Chembur]]<span style="color:rgb(58,58,58);font-family:Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif;line-height:22px;">, was opened to the public on 2 February 2014. Trains run from 7am to 3pm IST in the initial stage. It is expected to operate for 19 hours straight by the end of March 2014. Monorail services between Wadala Depot and Chembur extended to 14 hours straight from April 15.</span></p>
 
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;"><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;">The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) conceived the idea of an alternate means of transportation, which included the monorail, sometime in 2005 as part of Mumbai's transportation expansion plans, but the decision to introduce monorail as a feeder service to the mass rapid transit system (MRTS) was taken on 28 September 2008. An elevated monorail system was proposed as its narrow guide beams are suitable for congested cities like Mumbai where land is scarce. Monorails are eco-friendly, can handle sharp curves much better than normal trains and metros, as well as climb up and down easily. Monorails also do not obstruct light since they are much narrower than normal rail tracks. The straddle-type monorail design (named so because the train straddles a steel or reinforced concrete beam) was adopted in Mumbai.</span><span style="font-size:11px;line-height:11px;"> </span><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;">According to the MMRDA, the bus service operating in the city plied crowded and narrow areas at very slow speeds, thus offering no benefits to the commuters and adding to the traffic congestion. The agency believed that an elevated monorail, that can take sharp turns, climb up and down easily, and run at an average speed of 30 km/hr and maximum speed of 80 km/hr </span>would address these issues. The MMRDA also stated that the monorail would connect many parts of the city which were not connected by suburban rail system or the proposed metro rail system. The agency also stated that the monorail would be an efficient feeder transit to the metro and suburban rail systems offering efficient, safe, air-conditioned, comfortable and affordable public transport to commuters.</p>
 
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The Former [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chief_Minister_of_Maharashtra Chief Minister] of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maharashtra Maharashtra] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vilasrao_Deshmukh Vilasrao Deshmukh] cleared the notification for the construction of the first monorail line in Mumbai on 18 August 2008. The line would connect [[Jacob Circle Monorail Station|Jacob Circle]], [[Wadala Depot Monorail Station|Wadala]] and [[Mahul]] via [[Chembu Monorail Station|Chembur]], providing a feeder service to the existing [[Mumbai Suburban Railway]] . The notification formally appointed the MMRDA as the system administrator for the monorail project. It would be responsible for land acquisition along the route, and the construction, allied structures, signalling and safety of the monorail system. On 11 November 2008, Larsen and Toubro, along with Malaysian partner [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scomi Scomi Engineering Bhd], were awarded a <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">24.6 billion</span> (US$410 million) contract to build and operate the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monorail monorail] until 2029.</p>
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==<span class="mw-headline" id="History" style="font-size:20px;color:black;font-family:'LinuxLibertine',Georgia,Times,serif;line-height:1.3;">
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History</span>==
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===Background===
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mumbai_monorail_under_construction_in_Chembur1.JPG ][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mumbai_monorail_under_construction_in_Chembur1.JPG ]A station under construction in[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chembur Chembur]<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Metropolitan_Region_Development_Authority Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority] (MMRDA) conceived the idea of an alternate means of transportation, which included the monorail, sometime in 2005 as part of Mumbai's transportation expansion plans, but the decision to introduce monorail as a feeder service to the mass rapid transit system (MRTS) was taken on 28 September 2008. An elevated monorail system was proposed as its narrow guide beams are suitable for congested cities like Mumbai where land is scarce. Monorails are eco-friendly, can handle sharp curves much better than normal trains and metros, as well as climb up and down easily. Monorails also do not obstruct light since they are much narrower than normal rail tracks. The straddle-type monorail design (named so because the train straddles a steel or reinforced concrete beam) was adopted in Mumbai.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-livemint1_8-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-livemint1-8 [8]]</sup>According to the MMRDA, the bus service operating in the city plied crowded and narrow areas at very slow speeds, thus offering no benefits to the commuters and adding to the traffic congestion. The agency believed that an elevated monorail, that can take sharp turns, climb up and down easily, and run at an average speed of 30 km/hr and maximum speed of 80 km/hr would address these issues. The MMRDA also stated that the monorail would connect many parts of the city which were not connected by suburban rail system or the proposed metro rail system. The agency also stated that the monorail would be an efficient feeder transit to the metro and suburban rail systems offering efficient, safe, air-conditioned, comfortable and affordable public transport to commuters.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-9" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-9 [9]]</sup></p>
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The cost of setting up the monorail service is roughly <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">850 million</span(US$14 million) per km (mi). The complete network of about 135 kilometres (84 mi) is recommended for development from 2011 to 2031 in phases at the total cost of 2.0 billion.</p>
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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Then [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chief_Minister_of_Maharashtra Chief Minister] of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maharashtra Maharashtra] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vilasrao_Deshmukh Vilasrao Deshmukh] cleared the notification for the construction of the first monorail line in Mumbai on 18 August 2008. The line would connect [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Circle Jacob Circle], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wadala Wadala] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahul Mahul] via [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chembur Chembur], providing a feeder service to the existing [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Suburban_Railway Mumbai Suburban Railway]. The notification formally appointed the MMRDA as the system administrator for the monorail project. It would be responsible for land acquisition along the route, and the construction, allied structures, signalling and safety of the monorail system.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-10" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-10 [10]]</supOn 11 November 2008, Larsen and Toubro, along with Malaysian partner [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scomi Scomi Engineering Bhd], were awarded a <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]24.6 billion</span> (US$410 million) contract to build and operate the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monorail monorail] until 2029.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-11" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-11 [11]]</sup></p>
=='''Construction'''==
 
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">A 108-meter test run was successfully conducted on 26 January 2010. The monorail had its first test run on 18 February 2012 from its yard in Wadala to [[File:Monorail_testing.jpg|thumb|400px]]the [[Bhakti Park Monorail Station|Bhakti Park monorail station]], a distance of around a kilometre. Scomi, the Malaysian company that supplied the rakes for the project, was in charge of the trial. The first end-to-end test run of the rakes on the entire 8.26 km stretch from [[Wadala Depot Monorail Station|Wadala Depot]] to [[Chembur Monorail Station|Chembur ]] was conducted by the MMRDA in November 2012. The agency also completed the civil work related to the alignment, and shifted focus to completing the stations, as well as work on signaling and telecommunications. The trial was intended test the smoothness of the alignment, which was found to be fine, and fix technical issues. As part of the test run, the MMRDA first sent a shuttle down the alignment, followed by the full rakes. The rakes were operated at speeds up to 80 kmph, the maximum at which the monorail can operate. Empty rakes were also loaded with cement sacks to check whether the guideway beams on which the rakes run, could bear the weight.Then Maharashtra Chief Minister [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashok_Chavan Ashok Chavan] laid the foundation stone in a ceremony at the Acres Club, Chembur on 9 February 2009. The MMRDA commissioned the construction of the line in two phases. The first stretch linked Wadala on the outskirts of the island city with Chembur in the north-east, and the second connected Wadala with Jacob Circle in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Mumbai South Mumbai]. The original deadline for the project was April 2011. The project was delayed by issues involving land, removal of encroachments, delays in getting permissions from the civic body and railways. The project has missed several deadlines for completion. The following months had all been announced as deadlines for the first phase - December 2010, May 2011, November 2011, May 2012, December 2012, June 2013, August 2013, 15 September 2013, October 2013 and December 2013. Deadlines announced for the second phase were May 2011, December 2011, May 2012, December 2012, December 2013, June 2014, December 2014 and March 2015. An [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_to_Information_Act Right to Information] (RTI) request filed by RTI activist Anil Galgali revealed that the three-year delay in commissioning the monorail was primarily due to change of alignment of its route, which led to further cost escalation of the project.</p>
 
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">In late December 2013, the MMRDA announced that it had submitted an application to Safety Certification Authority (Engineer) for the Chembur-Wadala stretch. The Safety Certification Authority goes through the documents, and physically inspects the corridor, and commercial operations can commence only after receiving its approval. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commission_of_Railway_Safety Commissioner of Railway Safety] (CRS) had stated it did not have the capacity to certify the monorail, as it was a different system from the railways. The electrical workings of the monorail were certified by the Electrical Inspector General. The contractor, the consortium of L&T and Scomi Engineering, appointed an independent auditor to conduct the first round of safety checks. The MMRDA appointed Singapore's SMRT Corp for a safety audit of the line. The final review was conducted by a former Commissioner of Railway Safety. R.C. Garg, retired Commissioner of Railway Safety, began a three-day inspection of the corridor on 13 January 2014. Garg, who had been in charge of the safety certification of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Line_(Delhi_Metro) first line] of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delhi_Metro Delhi Metro], reviewed reports submitted by SMRT and the contractor's auditor, the stations, the car depot and alignment of the corridor. He also inspected critical aspects such as the traction, switch beams, preparedness of the staff for operation and maintenance and the customer interface in terms of the ticketing system. The final safety certificate was issued on 20 January. The safety certificate was then forwarded to the State Government, which issued a notification for commissioning the system. The notification contains norms for operation and maintenance of the system, which requires approval from the Chief Minister.</p>
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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The cost of setting up the monorail service is roughly <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]850 million</span> (US$14 million) per km (mi). The complete network of about 135 kilometres (84 mi) is recommended for development from 2011 to 2031 in phases at the total cost of 2.0 billion.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-accommodationtimes1_12-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-accommodationtimes1-12 [12]]</sup></p>
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===Construction===
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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">
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A 108-meter test run was successfully conducted on 26 January 2010.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-20" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-20 [20]]</sup> The monorail had its first test run on 18 February 2012 from its yard in Wadala to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhakti_Park_monorail_station Bhakti Park monorail station], a distance of around a kilometre. Scomi, the Malaysian company that supplied the rakes for the project, was in charge of the trial.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-mumbaimirror_21-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-mumbaimirror-21 [21]]</sup> The first end-to-end test run of the rakes on the entire 8.26 km stretch from Wadala Depot to Chembur was conducted by the MMRDA in November 2012. The agency also completed the civil work related to the alignment, and shifted focus to completing the stations, as well as work on signaling and telecommunications. The trial was intended test the smoothness of the alignment, which was found to be fine, and fix technical issues. As part of the test run, the MMRDA first sent a shuttle down the alignment, followed by the full rakes. The rakes were operated at speeds up to 80 kmph, the maximum at which the monorail can operate. Empty rakes were also loaded with cement sacks to check whether the guideway beams on which the rakes run, could bear the weight.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-IndianExpress1_15-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-IndianExpress1-15 [15]]</sup>Then Maharashtra Chief Minister [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashok_Chavan Ashok Chavan] laid the foundation stone in a ceremony at the Acres Club, Chembur on 9 February 2009.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-scomi1_13-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-scomi1-13 [13]]</sup> The MMRDA commissioned the construction of the line in two phases. The first stretch linked Wadala on the outskirts of the island city with Chembur in the north-east, and the second connected Wadala with Jacob Circle in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Mumbai South Mumbai].<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-scomi2_14-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-scomi2-14 [14]]</sup> The original deadline for the project was April 2011.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-IndianExpress1_15-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-IndianExpress1-15 [15]]</sup> The project was delayed by issues involving land, removal of encroachments, delays in getting permissions from the civic body and railways.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-16" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-16 [16]]</sup> The project has missed several deadlines for completion. The following months had all been announced as deadlines for the first phase - December 2010, May 2011, November 2011, May 2012, December 2012, June 2013, August 2013, 15 September 2013,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-17" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-17 [17]]</sup> October 2013 and December 2013. Deadlines announced for the second phase were May 2011, December 2011, May 2012, December 2012, December 2013, June 2014, December 2014 and March 2015.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-18" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-18 [18]]</sup> An [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_to_Information_Act Right to Information] (RTI) request filed by RTI activist Anil Galgali revealed that the three-year delay in commissioning the monorail was primarily due to change of alignment of its route, which led to further cost escalation of the project.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-19" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-19 [19]]</sup></p>
   
[[File:Monorail9.jpg|thumb|286px]]
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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">In late December 2013, the MMRDA announced that it had submitted an application to Safety Certification Authority (Engineer) for the Chembur-Wadala stretch. The Safety Certification Authority goes through the documents, and physically inspects the corridor, and commercial operations can commence only after receiving its approval.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-22" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-22 [22]]</sup> The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commission_of_Railway_Safety Commissioner of Railway Safety] (CRS) had stated it did not have the capacity to certify the monorail, as it was a different system from the railways. The electrical workings of the monorail were certified by the Electrical Inspector General.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-mumbaimirror_21-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-mumbaimirror-21 [21]]</sup> The contractor, the consortium of L&T and Scomi Engineering, appointed an independent auditor to conduct the first round of safety checks. The MMRDA appointed Singapore's SMRT Corp for a safety audit of the line. The final review was conducted by a former Commissioner of Railway Safety. R.C. Garg, retired Commissioner of Railway Safety, began a three-day inspection of the corridor on 13 January 2014. Garg, who had been in charge of the safety certification of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Line_(Delhi_Metro) first line] of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delhi_Metro Delhi Metro], reviewed reports submitted by SMRT and the contractor's auditor, the stations, the car depot and alignment of the corridor. He also inspected critical aspects such as the traction, switch beams, preparedness of the staff for operation and maintenance and the customer interface in terms of the ticketing system.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indianexpress2_23-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indianexpress2-23 [23]]</sup> The final safety certificate was issued on 20 January.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-24" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-24 [24]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-25" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-25 [25]]</sup> The safety certificate was then forwarded to the State Government, which issued a notification for commissioning the system. The notification contains norms for operation and maintenance of the system, which requires approval from the Chief Minister.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-26" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-26 [26]]</sup></p>
==Opening==
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===Opening===
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;"><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;">Line 1 was formally inaugurated by Maharashtra Chief Minister [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prithviraj_Chavan Prithviraj Chavan] on 1 February 2014 at the Wadala Depot monorail station. After flagging off the first monorail train at 3:47 pm, Chavan along with Deputy Chief Minister Ajit Pawar, and other officials rode a bright pink monorail train, decked in flowers, along the entire route arriving at Chembur monorail station, 20 minutes later. The party then proceeded to Gandhi Maidan, 15th Road, Chembur (East), where the Chavan declared the monorail "open". The monorail was opened to the public the following day, with the first trip commencing from Wadala Depot at 7:08 am. According to the MMRDA, it had very few passengers, as the gates were opened to the public only at 7:10 am, when the train had already left.</span><span style="font-size:11px;line-height:11px;"> </span><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;"> Nallasopara resident Sunil Appa Khade claimed to be the first ever commuter on the monorail. However, Abhishek Chopra claimed that though he was second in queue, he had managed to enter the monorail first.</span><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;"> The first train from the opposite side, departed Chembur at 7:10am</span><span style="font-size:11px;line-height:11px;"> .</span><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;"> Services had been scheduled to operate until 3:00pm, however, station doors were closed by 2:30pm due to larger than expected ridership. Services were operated until 4:30pm, in order to provide a ride to everyone who had purchased a ticket.</span><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;"> On opening day, 19,678 passengers travelled on the line. Sixty-six services were operated on the first day,</span><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;"> netting a revenue of </span><span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">2.2 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakh lakh]</span><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;"> (US$3,700) through the sale of tickets and smart cards.</span></p>
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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Line 1 was formally inaugurated by Maharashtra Chief Minister [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prithviraj_Chavan Prithviraj Chavan] on 1 February 2014 at the Wadala Depot monorail station. After flagging off the first monorail train at 3:47 pm, Chavan along with Deputy Chief Minister Ajit Pawar, and other officials rode a bright pink monorail train, decked in flowers, along the entire route arriving at Chembur monorail station, 20 minutes later.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indianexpress1_27-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indianexpress1-27 [27]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-28" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-28 [28]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-29" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-29 [29]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-30" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-30 [30]]</sup> The party then proceeded to Gandhi Maidan, 15th Road, Chembur (East), where the Chavan declared the monorail "open".<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-31" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-31 [31]]</sup> The monorail was opened to the public the following day,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-32" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-32 [32]]</sup> with the first trip commencing from Wadala Depot at 7:08 am.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indianexpress5_33-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indianexpress5-33 [33]]</sup> According to the MMRDA, it had very few passengers, as the gates were opened to the public only at 7:10 am, when the train had already left.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-autogenerated1_34-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-autogenerated1-34 [34]]</sup> Nallasopara resident Sunil Appa Khade claimed to be the first ever commuter on the monorail. However, Abhishek Chopra claimed that though he was second in queue, he had managed to enter the monorail first.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-autogenerated1_34-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-autogenerated1-34 [34]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-dnaindia3_35-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-dnaindia3-35 [35]]</sup> The first train from the opposite side, departed Chembur at 7:10am<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-36" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-36 [36]]</sup> Services had been scheduled to operate until 3:00pm, however, station doors were closed by 2:30pm due to larger than expected ridership. Services were operated until 4:30pm, in order to provide a ride to everyone who had purchased a ticket.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-37" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-37 [37]]</sup> On opening day, 19,678 passengers travelled on the line. Sixty-six services were operated on the first day,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-dnaindia4_38-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-dnaindia4-38 [38]]</sup> netting a revenue of <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]2.2 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakh lakh]</span> (US$3,700) through the sale of tickets and smart cards.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indianexpress5_33-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indianexpress5-33 [33]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-dnaindia3_35-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-dnaindia3-35 [35]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-39" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-39 [39]]</sup></p>
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">In the first week of operations (2–8 February 2014), the monorail transported 1,36,865 passengers in about 512 trips, earning a total revenue of 14,24,810. A total of 1,32,523 tokens and 1409 smart cards were also sold during the first week. According to the MMRDA, between 2 February and 1 March, a total of 4,58,871 commuters used the monorail, generating a total revenue 44,66,522. The monorail was closed for the first time on 17 March 2014 due to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holi Holi].</p>
+
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">In the first week of operations (2–8 February 2014), the monorail transported 1,36,865 passengers in about 512 trips, earning a total revenue of 14,24,810. A total of 1,32,523 tokens and 1409 smart cards were also sold during the first week.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-40" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-40 [40]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-41" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-41 [41]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-42" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-42 [42]]</sup> According to the MMRDA, between 2 February and 1 March, a total of 4,58,871 commuters used the monorail, generating a total revenue 44,66,522.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-43" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-43 [43]]</sup> The monorail was closed for the first time on 17 March 2014 due to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holi Holi].<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-44" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-44 [44]]</sup></p>
 
==Plan==
 
==Plan==
 
{| class="wikitable" style="font-style:inherit;font-weight:inherit;margin-right:0px;border-color:rgb(170,170,170);color:black;font-family:sans-serif;line-height:22.399999618530273px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="font-style:inherit;font-weight:inherit;margin-right:0px;border-color:rgb(170,170,170);color:black;font-family:sans-serif;line-height:22.399999618530273px;"
Line 18: Line 18:
 
!Corridor
 
!Corridor
 
!Length (km)
 
!Length (km)
!
+
!Estimated cost
 
|-
 
|-
 
| rowspan="5"|Phase I
 
| rowspan="5"|Phase I
|1
+
|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_1_(Mumbai_Monorail) 1]
|Chembur–Wadala Depot–Jacob Circle
+
|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chembur_monorail_station Chembur]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wadala_Depot Wadala Depot]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Circle_monorail_station Jacob Circle]
 
|19.54
 
|19.54
|
+
|<span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]27.16 billion</span> (US$450 million)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|2
 
|2
|Mulund–Goregaon–Borivali
+
|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mulund Mulund]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goregaon Goregaon]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borivali Borivali]
 
|30
 
|30
|
+
|<span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]41.7 billion</span> (US$700 million)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|3
 
|3
|Virar–Chikhaldongri
+
|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virar Virar]–Chikhaldongri
 
|4.60
 
|4.60
|
+
|<span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]6399 million</span> (US$110 million)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|4
 
|4
|Lokhandwala–SEEPZ–Kanjurmarg
+
|Lokhandwala–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SEEPZ SEEPZ]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanjurmarg Kanjurmarg]
 
|13.14
 
|13.14
|
+
|<span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]18265 million</span> (US$310 million)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|5
 
|5
|Thane – Mira-Bhayandar – Dahisar
+
|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thane Thane] – [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mira-Bhayandar Mira-Bhayandar] – [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dahisar Dahisar]
 
|24.25
 
|24.25
|
+
|<span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]33708 million</span> (US$560 million)
 
|-
 
|-
 
| rowspan="3"|Phase II
 
| rowspan="3"|Phase II
 
|6
 
|6
|Kalyan–Ulhasnagar–Dombivli
+
|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalyan,_India Kalyan]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulhasnagar Ulhasnagar]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dombivli Dombivli]
 
|26.40
 
|26.40
|
+
|<span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]36696 million</span> (US$610 million)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|7
 
|7
|Chembur–Ghatkopar–Kopar Khairane
+
|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chembur Chembur]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghatkopar Ghatkopar]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kopar_Khairane Kopar Khairane]
 
|16.72
 
|16.72
|
+
|<span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]36863 million</span> (US$620 million)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|8
 
|8
|Mahape–Shil Phata–Kalyan
+
|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahape Mahape]–[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shil_Phata,_India Shil Phata]–Kalyan
 
|21.10
 
|21.10
|
+
|<span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]29329 million</span> (US$490 million)
 
|}
 
|}
[[File:Monorail8.jpg|thumb|270px]]
+
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The Mumbai Monorail master plan proposed the construction of 8 lines at a cost of <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]202.96 billion</span> (US$3.4 billion).<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-45" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-45 [45]]</sup> In 2009, the MMRDA proposed the construction of an additional line on the Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan route. The route was proposed to have a station at every kilometer, cost <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">3750 crore</span>(equivalent to 55 billion or US$920 million in 2014) and be implemented on public-private partnership basis. It was further proposed to extend the corridor from Kalyan to Badlapur in the next phase.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-46" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-46 [46]]</sup></p>
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The Mumbai Monorail master plan proposed the construction of 8 lines at a cost of <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">202.96 billion</span> (US$3.4 billion). In 2009, the MMRDA proposed the construction of an additional line on the Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan route. The route was proposed to have a station at every kilometer, cost <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">3750 crore</span>(equivalent to 55 billion or US$920 million in 2014) and be implemented on public-private partnership basis. It was further proposed to extend the corridor from Kalyan to Badlapur in the next phase.</p>
 
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">In September 2011, the MMRDA said that did not have an immediate plan to begin construction of a second monorail line in the region. They clarified that although it did not mean that they are not interested in carrying out the project, it may not follow the currently planned schedule. The MMRDA decided to put on hold all plans for the expansion of the monorail till the first route was commissioned. An MMRDA official stated, "There is no point in going for new routes. As long as the first route is not commissioned and the results are not out, we would not commission any new routes". MMRDA feels the need for a monorail would arise after all the proposed metro rail routes were commissioned with the monorail serving as a feeder service."</p>
+
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">In September 2011, the MMRDA said that did not have an immediate plan to begin construction of a second monorail line in the region.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-47" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-47 [47]]</sup> They clarified that although it did not mean that they are not interested in carrying out the project, it may not follow the currently planned schedule. The MMRDA decided to put on hold all plans for the expansion of the monorail till the first route was commissioned. An MMRDA official stated, "There is no point in going for new routes. As long as the first route is not commissioned and the results are not out, we would not commission any new routes". MMRDA feels the need for a monorail would arise after all the proposed metro rail routes were commissioned with the monorail serving as a feeder service."<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-48" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-48 [48]]</sup></p>
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The MMRDA shelved the project to construct a monorail corridor from Thane to Kalyan and Bhiwandi in February 2014, citing low ridership estimates and availability of cheaper road transport alternatives. The development authority had planned to construct the corridor to serve as a feeder system to a metro project planned in Thane. U.P.S. Madan, Metropolitan Commissioner at the MMRDA, stated, "Having a monorail to connect to the Wadala-Kasarvadavali Metro was the original plan, but it was not found to be feasible. There was not enough ridership on the corridor and we found that a Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) would be a more effective and cheaper option there." The MMRDA had originally planned to construct the Thane monorail as a standalone project to provide connectivity to [[Thane Railway Station|Thane railway station]], but altered the plan in order to provide hybrid connectivity of the metro and monorail from Teen Haath Naka in Thane to Bhiwandi and another arm to Kalyan. The proposed corridor would have been 23.75 km long, and cost approximately 3,169 crore.</p>
+
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The MMRDA shelved the project to construct a monorail corridor from Thane to Kalyan and Bhiwandi in February 2014, citing low ridership estimates and availability of cheaper road transport alternatives. The development authority had planned to construct the corridor to serve as a feeder system to a metro project planned in Thane. U.P.S. Madan, Metropolitan Commissioner at the MMRDA, stated, "Having a monorail to connect to the Wadala-Kasarvadavali Metro was the original plan, but it was not found to be feasible. There was not enough ridership on the corridor and we found that a Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) would be a more effective and cheaper option there." The MMRDA had originally planned to construct the Thane monorail as a standalone project to provide connectivity to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thane_railway_station Thane railway station], but altered the plan in order to provide hybrid connectivity of the metro and monorail from Teen Haath Naka in Thane to Bhiwandi and another arm to Kalyan. The proposed corridor would have been 23.75 km long, and cost approximately 3,169 crore.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-49" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-49 [49]]</sup></p>
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Further development of the monorail system is on hold, and questions have been raised as to whether the proposed monorail corridors will have sufficient capacity to meet Mumbai's requirements. The monorail may not be further extended by the MMRDA, as it may prove inadequate for Mumbai's population density. Foreign consultants have suggested a Metro or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light_rail LRT] system over a monorail for many Indian cities, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangalore_Monorail Bangalore].</p>
+
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Further development of the monorail system is on hold, and questions have been raised as to whether the proposed monorail corridors will have sufficient capacity to meet Mumbai's requirements.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-50" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-50 [50]]</sup> The monorail may not be further extended by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Metropolitan_Region_Development_Authority MMRDA], as it may prove inadequate for Mumbai's population density. Foreign consultants have suggested a Metro or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light_rail LRT] system over a monorail for many Indian cities, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangalore_Monorail Bangalore].<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-51" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-51 [51]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-52" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-52 [52]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-53" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-53 [53]]</sup></p>
==='''Line 1'''===
+
===Line 1===
[[File:Monorail2.jpg|thumb|287px]]
+
Main article: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_1_(Mumbai_Monorail) Line 1 (Mumbai Monorail)]<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Line 1 will connect [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Circle_monorail_station Jacob Circle] in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Mumbai South Mumbai] with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chembur_monorail_station Chembur] in eastern Mumbai.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-54" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-54 [54]]</sup> It will be built at a cost of approximately <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]3000 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crore crore]</span> (US$500 million). The 20.21 km line is fully elevated. Line 1 is owned and operated by the MMRDA.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-55" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-55 [55]]</sup> The monorail serves some thickly-populated areas which are not adequately serviced by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Suburban_Railway Mumbai Suburban Railway].<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indiatimes1_56-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indiatimes1-56 [56]]</sup> The first phase, built at a cost of <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]1100 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crore crore]</span> (US$180 million),<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-thehindu1_57-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-thehindu1-57 [57]]</sup> consists of 7 stations from Chembur to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wadala_Depot Wadala Depot], and was opened to the public on 2 February 2014. The second phase consisting of 11 stations from Wadala Depot to Jacob Circle will be built at a cost of <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee ]1900 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crore crore]</span> (US$320 million).<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indianexpress1_27-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indianexpress1-27 [27]]</sup> It is scheduled to open in March 2015.</p>
 
'''Main article :  '''
 
 
 
[[Mumbai Monorail Line 1|Line 1 (Mumbai Monorail)]]<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Line 1 will connect [[Jacob Circle Monorail Station|Jacob Circle]] in [[South Mumbai]] with [[Chembur Metro Station|Chembur]] in eastern Mumbai. It will be built at a cost of approximately <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">3000 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crore crore]</span> (US$500 million). The 20.21 km line is fully elevated. Line 1 is owned and operated by the MMRDA. The monorail serves some thickly-populated areas which are not adequately serviced by the [[Mumbai Suburban Railway]]. The first phase, built at a cost of <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">1100 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crore crore]</span> (US$180 million), consists of 7 stations from [[Chembur Monorail Station|Chembur ]] to [[Wadala Depot Monorail Station|Wadala Depot]], and was opened to the public on 2 February 2014. The second phase consisting of 11 stations from [[Wadala Depot Monorail Station|Wadala Depot]] to [[Jacob Circle Monorail Station|Jacob Circle]] will be built at a cost of <span class="nowrap" style="white-space:nowrap;">1900 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crore crore]</span> (US$320 million). It is scheduled to open in March 2015.</p>
 
 
==Infrastructure==
 
==Infrastructure==
[[File:Monorail4.jpg|thumb|363px]]
+
===Rolling stock===
  +
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:17px;color:black;line-height:1.6;">Stations</span>The monorail cars were built in Malaysia by Scomi Engineering Bhd. The first car was shipped to India on 2 January 2010, marking the first time that rail cars manufactured by the company were exported overseas.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-thestar1_58-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-thestar1-58 [58]]</sup> Six trains currently operate in the first phase of the line. Ten more will be added in the second phase.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-punemirror1_59-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-punemirror1-59 [59]]</sup> Monorail trains are [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variations_of_pink royal pink], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_green apple green], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shades_of_blue ice blue] in colour,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indiatimes3_60-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indiatimes3-60 [60]]</sup> with streaks of black and white.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indiatimes1_56-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indiatimes1-56 [56]]</sup> Each monorail train consists of 4 coaches having a combined passenger capacity of 568.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-61" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-61 [61]]</sup> There are roughly 18 seated and 142 standing passengers at an average of seven persons per square metre per carriage (the end cars have a different capacity due to the driving position).<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-62" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-62 [62]]</sup> The low number of seats was to ensure that the flow of people in and out of the coach was not hampered.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-IBN1_63-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-IBN1-63 [63]]</sup> Some sections of seats are reserved for pregnant women, the elderly and the differently-abled.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-64" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-64 [64]]</sup> Handrails and handgrips are installed in coaches, within easy reach of all standing passengers. A 4-coach monorail train has a total length of 44.8 metres, and each coach weighs 15 tonnes.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-autocarindia1_65-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-autocarindia1-65 [65]]</sup> All coaches are air-conditioned.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-IBN1_63-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-IBN1-63 [63]]</sup> There are 2 CCTV cameras installed in each coach.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-asianage1_66-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-asianage1-66 [66]]</sup> The train interiors are mostly in pastel shades with large windows offering multi-dimensional views and uncluttered seating arrangements.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indiatimes1_56-2" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indiatimes1-56 [56]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-freepressjournal1_67-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-freepressjournal1-67 [67]]</sup>The stations are situated at a minimum height of around 5.5 metres, higher in some locations, and can be accessed by staircases and escalators.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indiatimes1_56-3" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indiatimes1-56 [56]]</sup> Each station has a total of four escalators - two from ground level to concourse, and two more from concourse to the platform.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indiatimes2_68-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indiatimes2-68 [68]]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-dnaindia1_69-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-dnaindia1-69 [69]]</sup> Stations do not have any public toilets,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indianexpress3_70-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indianexpress3-70 [70]]</sup> and only the monorail staff have access to washrooms. MMRDA Commissioner UPS Madan defended the absence of public toilets, stating "Nowhere in the world are there public toilets at monorail stations. The monorail journey is a short one, so the provision of public toilets was not made when the plan for stations was chalked out."<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-71" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-71 [71]]</sup> All stations are equipped with baggage scanners, armed security guards at all stations entry points and CCTV cameras.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-travelerstoday1_72-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-travelerstoday1-72 [72]]</sup> Personnel of the Maharashtra State Security Corporation (MSSC) are deployed at the stations.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-thehindubusinessline1_73-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-thehindubusinessline1-73 [73]]</sup></p>
  +
===Depot and control centre===
  +
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The 6.5-hectare Wadala car depot provides parking facilities for 21 trains with an operation control centre, a training centre, a power station, a receiving traction substation and a full-fledged administrative facility. Authorities can monitor the monorail's speed, signals, brakes, communication and safety from the control centre.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-mid-day1_74-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-mid-day1-74 [74]]</sup> The operation control centre is equipped with video feeds from CCTVs enabling round-the-clock surveillance, and train power supply and monitoring tools like SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition).<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-livemint1_8-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-livemint1-8 [8]]</sup> Vehicle and train washing specialist Smith Bros & Webb was awarded a contract to provide Britannia Train Wash plants for the Mumbai Monorail. Smith Bros & Webb designs and manufactures its own wash equipment under the brand name of Britannia.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-75" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-75 [75]]</sup></p>
  +
===Safety and security===
  +
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Every station on the line is equipped with Door Frame Metal Detectors (DFMDs),<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-76" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-76 [76]]</sup> X-ray baggage scanners, CCTV cameras<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indiatimes5_77-0" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indiatimes5-77 [77]]</sup> and comply with NFPA (National Fire Protection Agency) 130 norms.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-livemint1_8-2" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-livemint1-8 [8]]</sup> Around 500 armed personnel and private guards are deployed at the 7 stations of the first phase. Officers in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plainclothes_law_enforcement plainclothes] are present inside trains, and real-time checks are conducted to curb trouble-makers, pickpockets and molesters.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indiatimes5_77-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indiatimes5-77 [77]]</sup> All stations have armed security guards at all entry points,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-travelerstoday1_72-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-travelerstoday1-72 [72]]</sup> and personnel of the Maharashtra State Security Corporation (MSSC) are deployed at the stations.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-thehindubusinessline1_73-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-thehindubusinessline1-73 [73]]</sup> All personnel manning the station premises are equipped with hand-held detectors. A bomb detection and disposal squad and a dog squad are also deployed at all stations.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-indiatimes5_77-2" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-indiatimes5-77 [77]]</sup></p>
   
==='''Rolling stock'''===
+
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The doors of coaches will not open when the train is in motion.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-autocarindia1_65-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-autocarindia1-65 [65]]</sup> If a monorail driver jumps a signal or becomes immobile during travel and is unable to read signals, the system will activate an automatic train protection system. The system will first prompt the driver to apply the brakes through a radio warning, failing which, the system will automatically activate the brakes and halt the train.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-livemint1_8-3" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-livemint1-8 [8]]</sup> Train captains undergo breath analyser tests when they report to work to ascertain if they are drunk, similar to aircraft pilots. If any monorail official is found to be drunk, administrative disciplinary action is to be taken against the official, apart from which penal action will also apply. The notification published by the state government on 20 January 2014 states, "If any Monorail official is in a state of intoxication while on duty, where the improper performance of the duty is likely to endanger the safety of any passenger travelling or being on the Monorail, s/he shall be punishable with fine of Rs200."<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-78" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-78 [78]]</sup></p>
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;"><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;">The monorail cars were built in Malaysia by Scomi Engineering Bhd. The first car was shipped to India on 2 January 2010, marking the first time that rail cars manufactured by the company were exported overseas. Six trains currently operate in the first phase of the line. Ten more will be added in the second phase. Monorail trains are [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variations_of_pink royal pink], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_green apple green], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shades_of_blue ice blue] in colour, with streaks of black and white. Each monorail train consists of 4 coaches having a combined passenger capacity of 568. There are roughly 18 seated and 142 standing passengers at an average of seven persons per square metre per carriage (the end cars have a different capacity due to the driving position). The low number of seats was to ensure that the flow of people in and out of the coach was not hampered. Some sections of seats are reserved for pregnant women, the elderly and the differently-abled. Handrails and handgrips are installed in coaches, within easy reach of all standing passengers. A 4-coach monorail train has a total length of 44.8 metres, and each coach weighs 15 tonnes. All coaches are air-conditioned. There are 2 CCTV cameras installed in each coach. The train interiors are mostly in pastel shades with large windows offering multi-dimensional views and uncluttered seating arrangements.</span></p>
 
<h3 style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;"><span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-size:17px;line-height:27.200000762939453px;">'''Stations'''[[File:Monorail5.jpg|thumb|275px]]</span></h3>
 
 
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;"><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;">The stations are situated at a minimum height of around 5.5 metres, higher in some locations, and can be accessed by staircases and escalators.</span><span style="font-size:11px;line-height:11px;"> </span><span style="line-height:22.399999618530273px;">Each station has a total of four escalators - two from ground level to concourse, and two more from concourse to the platform. Stations do not have any public toilets, and only the monorail staff have access to washrooms. MMRDA Commissioner UPS Madan defended the absence of public toilets, stating "Nowhere in the world are there public toilets at monorail stations. The monorail journey is a short one, so the provision of public toilets was not made when the plan for stations was chalked out." All stations are equipped with baggage scanners, armed security guards at all stations entry points and CCTV cameras. Personnel of the Maharashtra State Security Corporation (MSSC) are deployed at the stations.</span></p>
 
==='''Depot and control centre'''===
 
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The 6.5-hectare Wadala car depot provides parking facilities for 21 trains with an operation control centre, a training centre, a power station, a receiving traction substation and a full-fledged administrative facility. Authorities can monitor the monorail's speed, signals, brakes, communication and safety from the control centre. The operation control centre is equipped with video feeds from CCTVs enabling round-the-clock surveillance, and train power supply and monitoring tools like SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition). Vehicle and train washing specialist Smith Bros & Webb was awarded a contract to provide Britannia Train Wash plants for the Mumbai Monorail. Smith Bros & Webb designs and manufactures its own wash equipment under the brand name [[File:Monorail10.jpg|thumb|275px]]of Britannia.</p>
 
==='''Safety and security'''===
 
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">Every station on the line is equipped with Door Frame Metal Detectors (DFMDs), X-ray baggage scanners, CCTV cameras and comply with NFPA (National Fire Protection Agency) 130 norms. Around 500 armed personnel and private guards are deployed at the 7 stations of the first phase. Officers in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plainclothes_law_enforcement plainclothes] are present inside trains, and real-time checks are conducted to curb trouble-makers, pickpockets and molesters. All stations have armed security guards at all entry points, and personnel of the Maharashtra State Security Corporation (MSSC) are deployed at the stations. All personnel manning the station premises are equipped with hand-held detectors. A bomb detection and disposal squad and a dog squad are also deployed at all stations.</p>
 
 
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The doors of coaches will not open when the train is in motion. If a monorail driver jumps a signal or becomes immobile during travel and is unable to read signals, the system will activate an automatic train protection system. The system will first prompt the driver to apply the brakes through a radio warning, failing which, the system will automatically activate the brakes and halt the train. Train captains undergo breath analyser tests when they report to work to ascertain if they are drunk, similar to aircraft pilots. If any monorail official is found to be drunk, administrative disciplinary action is to be taken against the official, apart from which penal action will also apply. The notification published by the state government on 20 January 2014 states, "If any Monorail official is in a state of intoxication while on duty, where the improper performance of the duty is likely to endanger the safety of any passenger travelling or being on the Monorail, s/he shall be punishable with fine of Rs200."</p>
 
 
==Operations==
 
==Operations==
==='''Fares'''===
+
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Green_Mumbai_Monorail_train_1.jpg ][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Green_Mumbai_Monorail_train_1.jpg ]A Mumbai Monorail train===Fares===
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">On 1 February 2014, at the time of inauguration , the minimum fare on [[Mumbai Monorail Line 1|Line 1]] was between Rs. 5 and Rs. 11 .[[File:Monorail7.jpg|thumb]]</p>
+
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">On 1 February 2014, at the time of inauguration the minimum fare on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_1_(Mumbai_Monorail) Line 1] was between 5 and 11.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-NDTV_inauguration_6-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-NDTV_inauguration-6 [6]]</sup></p>
==='''Noise'''===
+
===Noise===
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">According to studies conducted by the Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (MMRDA) during the monorail trial run, it was found that the monorail produces between 65 – 85 decibels of noise, significantly lower than the 95 decibel noise level of a [[BEST Transport division|BEST Bus].</p>
+
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">According to studies conducted by the Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (MMRDA) during the monorail trial run, it was found that the monorail produces between 65 – 85 decibels of noise, significantly lower than the 95 decibel noise level of a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BEST_Transport_division BEST Bus].<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-79" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-79 [79]]</sup></p>
==='''Speed'''===
+
===Speed===
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The monorail will have a top speed of 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph), an average speed of 65 kilometres per hour (40 mph) and the overall speed including dwell time at stations would be around 31 kilometres per hour (19 mph).</p>
+
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The monorail will have a top speed of 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph), an average speed of 65 kilometres per hour (40 mph)<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-times_4-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-times-4 [4]]</sup> and the overall speed including dwell time at stations would be around 31 kilometres per hour (19 mph).<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-accommodationtimes1_12-1" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-accommodationtimes1-12 [12]]</sup></p>
==='''Capacity and frequency'''===
+
===Capacity and frequency===
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Green_and_pink_Mumbai_Monorail_trains_4.jpg ][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Green_and_pink_Mumbai_Monorail_trains_4.jpg ]Trains in contrasting colours pass in front of the line's depot<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The capacity of each four-car consist is 568 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commuter commuters] under a '[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crush_load crush load]'<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-80" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-80 [80]]</sup> and 852 passengers for a six-car consist.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-81" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-81 [81]]</sup> There are roughly 18 seated and 124 standing passengers per carriage (the end cars have a different capacity due to the driving position).<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-82" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-82 [82]]</sup> The system has been designed for a 3 minute headway with operation from 05:00 to 24:00. The projected peak-hour traffic is 7,400 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passengers_per_hour_per_direction passengers per hour per direction] with 125,000 passengers per day; this is projected to rise to 8,300 and 300,000 respectively by 2013.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-83" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-83 [83]]</sup></p>
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The capacity of each four-car consist is 568 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commuter commuters] under a '[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crush_load crush load]' and 852 passengers for a six-car consist. There are roughly 18 seated and 124 standing passengers per carriage (the end cars have a different capacity due to the driving position). The system has been designed for a 3 minute headway with operation from 05:00 to 24:00. The projected peak-hour traffic is 7,400 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passengers_per_hour_per_direction passengers per hour per direction] with 125,000 passengers per day; this is projected to rise to 8,300 and 300,000 respectively by 2013.</p>
 
   
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The MMRDA has stated that the monorail will operate in a single shift from between 7 am and 3 pm, for the first two months of operation. The MMRDA [[File:Monorail6.jpg|thumb]]claimed that the decision was because it wanted to cautiously roll out the system, as the monorail system was nascent in the country, its staff were new to monorail operations, and uncertainty over passenger traffic. Within two months of operations, the contractor in charge – a consortium of Larsen & Toubro and Malaysia's Scomi Engineering Bhd, started operating the monorail from 7 am to 7 pm. Full-fledged operations of 19 hours, from 5am to midnight, are expected to start only by February 2015.</p>
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<p style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The MMRDA has stated that the monorail will operate in a single shift from between 7 am and 3 pm, for the first two months of operation. The MMRDA claimed that the decision was because it wanted to cautiously roll out the system, as the monorail system was nascent in the country,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-84" style="line-height:1;unicode-bidi:-webkit-isolate;">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Monorail#cite_note-84 [84]]</sup> its staff were new to monorail operations, and uncertainty over passenger traffic. Within two months of operations, the contractor in charge – a consortium of Larsen & Toubro and Malaysia's Scomi Engineering Bhd, will operate the monorail from 7 am to 7 pm. Full-fledged operations of 19 hours, from 5am to midnight, are expected to start only by February 2015.</p>
<p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The MMRDA announced that Mumbai Monorail from wadala depot to chembur will be running for 14 hours straight. The services would run from 6am to 8pm with a frequency of 15 minutes. Extended timings will also result in increase in number of monorail services per day from 64 to 112.</p>
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 <p style="margin-top:0.5em;line-height:22.399999618530273px;color:rgb(37,37,37);font-family:sans-serif;">The MMRDA announced that mumbai monorail from wadala depot to chembur will be running for 14 hours straight. The services would run from 6am to 8pm with a frequency of 15 minutes. Extended timings will also result in increase in number of monorail services per day from 64 to 112.</p>
[[Category:Public Transport Systems]]
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[[Category:Transportation]]
[[Category:Mumbai Monorail]]
 
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